The Yerba Mate Tree
The Yerba-Maté Plant (Ilex-Paranguariensis)
belongs to the acquifoliaceas family, of the
always-green type, i.e. that has perennial leaves.
The tree is similar to the laurel, of a gray whitish
trunk, 2 to 6 meters tall and about 30 or 40 centimeters
in diameter. Its leaves are alternate, of a narrow basis and dented edge, they can be 8 to 10 centimeters wide.
The yerba-maté plant grows in wooded, subtropical
and warm regions, in red and high lands, up to 400
meters above sea level.
Among these regions we can
name The Chaco (Bolivian, Paraguayan and Argentine), the
North East Argentine Republic, Misiones and Corrientes,the whole Paraguay Republic, Brazil and some
bordering departments of Uruguay with Brazil.
In these places the roots of
the plant develop greatly in depth and volume.
This explains its production period, which is near
to 150 years.